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Machine Vision FAQs og image
2021-08-12

Machine Vision FAQs

What is machine vision?

Machine Vision is used to describe the technology that creates automated images in industrial applications - usually for inspection, analysis, and guidance. Machine vision technology applications include checking objects within close proximity, identifying the colour or size of an object, and deciphering between barcodes and printed characters. 

Machine vision technology includes a wide range of cameras, lenses and lighting. OEM also offer barcode and guidance scanners as part of the machine vision product range.

What products would I find under the machine vision category?

The machine vision cameras available at OEM Automatic include 3D cameras, area scan, embedded, ToF cameras, IP cameras and Line scan cameras. 

As well as the cameras, we can supply heavy equipment cameras, camera enclosures, barcode readers, machine vision hardware & softwaresmart cameraslenses, filters, and a range of accessories and associated components.

The complete range of machine vision products.

What is a machine vision system?

A machine vision system comprises a range of equipment, for example, the camera, lenses, lighting, and an image processing unit. At OEM Automatic, we can create a machine vision system according to your application. 

Machine vision system component range.

What are the different product ranges within machine vision?

Camera range:

Our camera range consists of 3 categories:

Alongside the cameras, we can offer associated accessories, including:

We also provide customisable camera kits that include everything you need in one kit. 

Barcode scanners and guidance scanners 

We also offer a range of barcode scanners available in 1D, 2D and 3D and guidance scanners used to detect nearby objects and measure distance within a machine vision application. 

What are the applications for machine vision products?

Machine vision products are used for a wide range of applications, predominantly within the industrial automation sectors. 

Appearance Inspection – Machine vision cameras are used to inspect products and are often found in product manufacturing or quality inspection applications. Cameras ensure a product is free of scratches, damage, missing parts, burrs, dents,  discolouration or anything visually different. 

Vehicle and machine safety – Machine vision systems can be designed to detect blind spots and help guide drivers in difficult conditions, increasing road safety. This includes HGVs, cranes, trucks, buses, agricultural machinery, mining machinery and all other heavy equipment vehicles. 

Warehouse Guidance – Cameras and barcode scanners can be used on forklifts and AGVs inside warehouses and within logistics to help keep personnel safe and perform automation tasks. 

Measuring – Machine vision cameras mounted onto objects can measure the distance of objects around and help with collecting data within industrial automation and logistics applications. 

Stock monitoring - Machine vision cameras and barcode scanners are used for stock-taking tasks in warehouses. They are used to accurately check the amount of a product stocked and stock moving in and out of a warehouse in fast-paced environments. 

Surveillance – Usually, in outdoor and night-time environments, cameras are used to detect people or objects and record for the use of the owner.

Code reading – Machine vision and barcode scanning equipment is used to collect data within warehouses or in logistics and can be used within a greater automation application to check dates or codes, increasing efficiency, usually used in the manufacturing, automotive, electronics, food & beverage, and medical/pharmaceutical industries.

What kind of environment are machine vision products used in?

Machine vision products can be used in any environment, wet or dry and dark or light. Our products can be designed for different climates and environments, depending on your application. 

Here are some examples of challenging environments where our machine vision products have been used:

  • Outdoor and indoor surveillance where night vision and low light equipment is required. 
  • Heavy machinery safety camera kits, used externally and must be suitable to withstand harsh weather conditions. Camera enclosures are also available to protect your camera from outdoor elements.  
  • Applications where a vision system is required but space is limited. Smart cameras can be used for these environments due to the build in LED lighting feature and compact size.

What industries use machine vision products?

Machine vision and barcode scanning equipment are used in almost all industries, here are some examples:

  • Manufacturing 
  • Logistics
  • Construction
  • Entertainment
  • Commercial industries
  • Food and packaging
  • Pharmaceutical 
  • Medical
  • Electronics and engineering

Why use machine vision products?

Machine vision systems can increase productivity, efficiency and lower costs - replacing human tasks and labour. The intelligence of machine vision systems can make your processes faster and decrease the chances of inaccuracies and mistakes. 

Any machine vision product will come with beneficial features and high-quality image capture, overall.

What’s the difference between machine vision cameras and smart cameras?

The ‘Machine vision camera’ section includes all cameras used for industrial inspection and guidance tasks. These cameras require a connection to a computer where the images are analysed.

Smart cameras have a built-in intelligence system that can analyse images without a separate computer system. So, it is an all-in-one camera.

How do I get in touch with the machine vision department?

Email [email protected] and arrange a phone call with our team we also offer a video call service. If you want to inquire about a particular item, scroll down on the product page and click the ‘Request a quote’ button – a member of the team will help you from there.

Who do I speak to about integrating machine vision products?

If you require an integration partner to help, from designing and specifying vision systems to installation and final sign off, we can help you. 

Our integration partners can offer the following:

  • Technical guidance on camera, lighting, and software requirements.
  • Mechanical design and build
  • Electrical and controls design and implementation
  • Installation
  • Certification (certificates of incorporation, certificates of conformity etc.) 
  • On-site commissioning 
  • After-sales support
  • Training

How do I buy a machine vision product?

You can request a quote from our sales team by selecting the product on or website and scrolling down to part numbers, click ‘request a quote’, and a friendly technical advisor will work with you. 

For more complicated systems and machine vision advice, please email [email protected], where our machine vision specialist team can find the best solution for you. 

To purchase vision products online, please create an account here.

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Related Products

Cables & Accessories

The correct cable, Ethernet switch, interface module and power supply are all essential to a successful vision system installation. OEM Automatic provides a selection of accessories to simplify any requirement. OEM Automatic can also provide bespoke cable assemblies built to your requirement. Please <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/contact-us/contact">contact us</a> to discuss any requirements.

Camera Enclosures and Mounting Kits

Filters

<div class="row"><div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-9"><div class="row"><div class="col-xs-12"> OEM Automatic offers an extensive range of optical filters from MidOpt (Midwest Optical), Ricoh and Effilux. Designed and manufactured specifically for industrial imaging applications our range of filters block unwanted light and improve overall image quality. Using the right filter can be the difference between a perfect image or a completely useless one. We offer a variety of filters that can block one or more wavelengths, but also filters that protect your product from dust and dirt. By blocking light, a better contrast is created and different parts of a product are highlighted. </div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-3"><img src="https://www.oem.co.uk/ui/product-resources/oem/midwest-optical-machine-vision-filters-_-198032.jpg?mh=160&mw=200&att=False&hash=A856DA8A7E14E55220116737E2BF6959" class="img-responsive" alt="" width="100%" height="300"></div></div>

Frame Grabbers

<div class="row"><div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-8"><div class="row"><div class="col-xs-12"> Frame grabbers are an essential component in many vision systems, they capture individual still frames from analogue or digital video. Often connected to pc systems through standard interfaces, our range of frame grabbers from Advantech and Basler support the interfaces Camera Link, Camera Link HS, CoaXPress, GigE Vision, USB 3.0, LVDS and Thunderbolt Technology. Frame grabber cards from Basler and Advantech are specifically designed to suit machine vision image capture and transfer in various protocols used, providing a seamless interface between camera(s) and computer.</div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-4"><img src="https://www.oem.co.uk/ui/product-resources/oem/basler-cameralink-2-0-hs-frame-grabber-card-_-167438.jpg?mh=250&mw=250&att=False&hash=0EBF7E5C8F17EB6EBAC2B1E2F3109033" class="img-responsive" alt="" width="100%" height="250"></div></div>

Guidance Scanner

Heavy Equipment Cameras

Across all industries, vehicle and machine blind spots are a major safety concern due to their size. Near miss situations and safety incidents can all occur due to restrictions caused by driver position, absent rear windows and bulkheads that limit a driver or operator’s visibility. Orlaco’s reliable and robust camera and radar based monitoring systems offer massively improved visibility. Allow in vehicle viewing of loads, tooling, trailers and blind spot. Improving safety and increasing productivity. OEM Automatic offers a range of standard kits for all types of lorries, trucks, cranes, tractors and agricultural vehicles, excavators and heavy plant equipment, rail and maritime applications. We also provide bespoke solutions to customer requirements. For more information or technical queries do not hesitate to <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/contact-us/contact" target="_blank">contact</a> our Machine Vision & Code Reading team at OEM Automatic. Alternatively please see our product range below or watch this <a rel="noopener noreferrer" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-NqgWSz8bFY" target="_blank">video</a> from Orlaco about heavy equipment cameras.

Industrial PC Monitors

Industrial environments bring their own challenges for computing hardware and interfaces, that's why OEM Automatic offers the specially designed Advantech FPM range of industrial PC monitors, for automated and industrial applications. With USB & RS232 multi-point touch capabilities in a truly flat robust front panel offering IP66 protection, you can trust in their longevity and reliability, with interface options from VGA, Display port and HDMI, it's easy to interface. In sizes from 6.5" to 21.5" in both 4:3 and 16:9 aspect ratios you can choose the screen to match your panel size or machine design, alternatively feel free to <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/contact-us/contact" target="_blank">contact us</a> for in depth advice, or watch this <a rel="noopener noreferrer" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I8clPH41BB8" target="_blank">video</a> from Advantech.

Industrial PC's

Advantech is the global specialist in industrial computer solutions, providing a diverse array of products tailored for machine vision and computer vision applications. Our offerings range from compact fanless units suitable for basic tasks to models equipped with Ethernet and USB ports, designed specifically for vision equipment. We also offer customizable expansion options and robust industrial servers. Collaborating closely with Advantech's technical experts, OEM Automatic helps identify and implement the ideal computer solution for your needs. Datasensing provides a range of computer optimised for its Impact software and range or USB & Ethernet cameras, Please <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/contact-us/contact" target="_blank">contact</a> us to discuss your requirements

LED Lighting

Choosing the right LED machine vision illumination is crucial in designing a vision system and can aid your inspection without the need for additional post processing. There are a several considerations when deciding which type of lighting is right. There are a number of areas you need to think about in order to determine what type of illumination is the best solution for your application: <ul> <li>Line speed of your application? <li>Field of view which requires LED vision lighting? <li>Monochrome or colour application? <li>Surface of the object & reflectivity, shape, structure and colour? <li>Which areas require highlighting? <li>What are the mechanical and environmental requirements?</li> </ul> If you have an application that you need help with just <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/contact-us/contact" target="_blank">contact</a> a member of our team. With our stocked lab and by working closely with Basler, Advanced Illumination and EffiLUX we can help you with any application.

Lenses

When using lenses in machine vision applications it is important to consider the sensor that will be used, sensor size and pixel size. The lens must be able to properly illuminate the whole sensor area without shading and vignetting. The perfect machine vision lens will produce images that capture the object, including all details and brightness variations. OEM Automatic stocks and supplies a large range of lenses from leading suppliers, to suit your machine vision and surveillance applications. Our range includes: S-mount, C-mount, E-mount and F-mount lenses from Basler, Azure, Kowa, Ricoh and others, for VGA to 61MP cameras. Filters, focal length extenders, adapters, macro reversing rings and extension tubes are also available to compliment the lens range. We can offer technical support to help in your product selection. Please <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/contact-us/contact" target="_blank">contact us</a> if you require assistance. OEM Automatic supplies lenses from : <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/suppliers/azure-photonics" target="_blank">Azure</a>, <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/suppliers/basler" target="_blank">Basler</a>, <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/suppliers/computar" target="_blank">Computar</a>, <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/suppliers/moritex" target="_blank">Moritex</a>, <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/suppliers/kowa" target="_blank">Kowa</a>, <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/suppliers/ricoh" target="_blank">Ricoh</a>, <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/suppliers/theia-technologies" target="_blank">Theia</a> and Zeiss. For more information on our lenses or to discuss your lens requirement please contact our experts at <a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a> or call us today.

Machine Vision Cameras

Machine vision cameras are used to inspect and analyse objects automatically in an industrial or production environment. The data collected can then be used to control a process or manufacturing activity. Machine vision cameras can be used in many applications to check the position of something, colour, size, shape or whether an object is there or not. As well as look at and decipher a standard 2D barcode and even printed characters. With a comprehensive range of Machine Vision Cameras from Sony, Basler and Datalogic, featuring 3D cameras, area scan, embedded, IP cameras and Line scan cameras OEM Automatic can offer a camera to suit almost any application. OEM Automatic supplies cameras to capture 2D images in mono and colour, 3D images and also the innovative polarised cameras to detect the direction of reflected light. Our extensive range from leading suppliers, includes GigE, USB, CoaXpress, CameraLink & Bcon (LVDS & MIPI) interfaces, resolutions from VGA to 20MP, rolling and global shutters and monochrome or colour options. We also offer a strong range of <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/products/machine-vision-,-a-,-code-reading/smart-cameras">smart cameras</a>, which offer a camera and a computer in the same device. If you have any questions on cameras for machine vision applications please feel free to <a href="https://www.oem.co.uk/contact-us/contact" target="_blank">contact us</a>.

Machine Vision Software

OEM Automatic is pleased to partner with Zebra Technologies, Datalogic, Datasensing and Basler, allowing us to offer machine vision analysis software to detect, measure and inspect. Zebra Aurora™ Vision is a machine vision library for C++ and .NET programmers. It gives you instant access to the highest quality, well-optimized and field-tested code for your machine vision projects. Datalogic, including Pekat Vision Software, enables OCR and text reading, presence checking and part inspection and is compatible with its range of machine vision hardware. Datasensing Impact vision software is ideal for smart cameras, P-, A-, T- Series cameras. Basler’s pylon software consists of three components: SDKs for integration into application software, configuration tools for evaluating and setting-up cameras, and drivers and GenTL producers for reliable connectivity.

Smart Cameras

<div class="row"><div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-6"><div class="row"><div class="col-xs-12"> OEM offer powerful smart cameras from Datalogic. In a compact and robust housing, our P, A and T Series smart cameras are designed for demanding, industrial applications. All our cameras offer integrated processing, LED lighting, modular optics as well as industrial data interfaces via Profinet&trade; and ETHERNET/IP&trade; along with the usual digital I/Os. Datalogic’s easy to use configuration software, IMPACT, can help you achieve a powerful and reliable vision system, for a cost effective price. Most inspection tasks required can be solved with Datalogic’s IMPACT technology smart cameras. These cameras are ready to use in just a few steps. Taking up to 120 frames per second, our product range of IMPACT vision cameras are a great choice for rapid processes. For more information or technical queries do not hesitate to <a href=" https://www.oem.co.uk/contact-us/contact " target="_blank">contact</a> our dedicated team. </div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-6"><img src=" https://www.oem.co.uk/ui/product-resources/oem/-_-134687.jpg?mh=250&mw=250&att=False&hash=346981C3663B7B6E6B177AD6059CB4C2" class="img-responsive" alt="" width="100%" height="150"></div></div>

Smart Sensors

Vision sensor with simple user-friendly software that has flexible tools for quality control, identification, and positioning. The Vision camera is complete with optics, LED lighting and electronics in a compact housing. The software is attached to the vision sensor and guides the user step by step through the parameter setting.
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